The Bougainvillea is a type of plant that is originally found in South America. The region this plant is found in stretches from parts of Brazil to Peru and to the south of Argentina. There are between 4 to 10 different species of the Bougainvillea. The plant was first discovered by Europeans in the late 1700s and has become a bit of a fascination since then. People are always trying to see how they can succeed with bougainvillea plant propagation. If you are serious about learning about how to propagate bougainvillea, then you need to learn a bit more about the plant itself.